Read more facts about the Netherlands in 'A brief introduction to the Netherlands'.
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Despite the flag being red, white and blue, orange is the national colour as the monarchy is from the House of Orange.
Until becoming king, Willem-Alexander was prince of Orange.
Victims of domestic violence may be trapped in domestic violent situations through isolation, power and control, cultural acceptance, lack of financial resources, fear, shame, or to protect children.
As a result of abuse, victims may experience physical disabilities, chronic health problems, mental illness, limited finances, and poor ability to create healthy relationships.
Domestic violence may also involve violence against children or the elderly.
It takes a number of forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic, religious, reproductive, and sexual abuse, which can range from subtle, coercive forms to marital rape and to violent physical abuse such as choking, beating, female genital mutilation and acid throwing that results in disfigurement or death.
Traditionally, domestic violence (DV) was mostly associated with physical violence.
Terms such as wife abuse, wife beating, and wife battering were used, but have declined in popularity due to efforts to include unmarried partners, abuse other than physical, female perpetrators, and same-sex relationships.
Domestic violence occurs when the abuser believes that abuse is acceptable, justified, or unlikely to be reported.
It may produce intergenerational cycles of abuse in children and other family members, who may feel that such violence is acceptable or condoned.
In some countries, domestic violence is often seen as justified, particularly in cases of actual or suspected infidelity on the part of the woman, and is legally permitted.