Member States have long recognized that coherent and comprehensive national legal frameworks are essential for ensuring the safe and peaceful uses of nuclear energy.In the past few years, the growing number of international instruments and their complexity have increased the demand for assistance by Member States.The provisions of the Atomic Energy Act are supplemented or specified by further laws and ordinances.
According to the German Constitution (Grundgesetz – GG), the Länder are responsible for the implementation of the Atomic Energy Act.
To ensure a uniform implementation of the Atomic Energy Act, the Länder are subject to federal supervision.
Legislative assistance would be of particular benefit to those States which are either in the process of establishing new laws, updating existing laws or consolidating their existing national nuclear legal framework, or are seeking to do so.
Member States wishing to benefit from IAEA legislative assistance activities should contact the IAEA Office of Legal Affairs.
Every single published revision and the comments of the member states can be found in the portal.
Furthermore, forms are available that are needed to communicate modification requests to the IAEA.
Below the level of laws and ordinances, the requirements are further specified by the nuclear non-mandatory guidance instruments.
These include general administrative provisions and safety criteria of the BMUB, BMUB guidelines, incident guidelines, guidelines and recommendations of the Reactor Safety Commission (RSK) and the Commission on Radiological Protection (SSK), safety standards of the Nuclear Safety Standards Commission (KTA), nuclear engineering standards, technical rules and technical specifications for components and systems.
They also highlighted recent developments in international nuclear law to be considered when enhancing or updating national legislation, such as the entry into force of the Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material which took place in May 2016.