In 1902, after the Philippine-American War, the Americans established civil rule in northern Palawan, calling it the province of Paragua. 1363, the province was reorganized to include the southern portions and renamed Palawan, and Puerto Princesa declared as its capital.Many reforms and projects were later introduced in the province.Surviving Buddhist images and sculptures are primarily in and near Tabon Cave.
Some settled in Thailand, others went farther south to Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo.
They were known as Aetas and Negritos from whom Palawan's Batak tribe descended.
In 1749, the Sultanate of Brunei ceded southern Palawan to Spain.
By 1858, the province was divided into two provinces, namely, Castilla, covering the northern section with Taytay as capital and Asturias in the southern mainland with Puerto Princesa as capital.
Approximately 5,000 years ago, a culturally distinct period characterised by jar burials is evident. Over 1500 jars and a mural depicting a burial procession were found.
A more recent wave of migrants arrived between AD 220 and 263.A Chinese author referred to these islands as Kla-ma-yan (Calamian), Palau-ye (Palawan), and Paki-nung (Busuanga).Pottery, china and other artifacts recovered from caves and waters of Palawan attest to trade relations that existed between Chinese and Malay merchants. Most of their settlements were ruled by Malay chieftains.This was during a period known as the Three Kingdoms."Little, dark people" living in Anwei province in South China were driven South by Han People.Its capital is the city of Puerto Princesa, but the city is governed independently from the province as a highly urbanized city.