Gujarātī is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 46 million people in the Indian states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh, and also in Bangladesh, Fiji, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Oman, Pakistan, Réunion, Singapore, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, United Kingdom, USA, Zambia and Zimbabwe.The Gujarātī script was adapted from the Devanāgarī script to write the Gujarātī language.
The earliest known document in the Gujarātī script is a manuscript dating from 1592, and the script first appeared in print in a 1797 advertisement.
Until the 19th century it was used mainly for writing letters and keeping accounts, while the Devanāgarī script was used for literature and academic writings.
Samar Abbas, 2003 "The Pallava Empire was the largest and most powerful South Asian state in its time, ranking as one of the glorious empires of world history.
At its height it covered an area larger than France, England and Germany combined.
The above characteristics make these buildings as potential sources for information relevant to longer period back in history...
Traditional buildings of Jaffna are potential sources of essential information about the life and history of the community in which these were evolving for several hundreds of years..." Self-Sacrifice or Nava Kantam - Dr. Jayabharathi "Self-sacrifice or Navakantam was an ancient practice among the Tamils in which a person sacrifices his own self with his own hands. Though outwardly resembling the Japanese Hara-Kiri, it differs in several ways from it.
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creates the mode of consciousness and this can in a historical perspective become an indicator of national consciousness...
In Hara-Kiri, sometimes, the best friend cuts the head off, while the Samurai warrior slices his abdomen with his dagger. The warriors are usually honoured with a Hero-stone called 'Viirak Kal..'" "When the past no longer illuminates the future, the spirit walks in darkness." de Tocqueville quoted in the Left Curve Indus Civilisation Tamils were a sea faring people British conquest & Tamil renaissance Bharathy, Periyar E. Ramasamy & Tamil nationalism Growth of Tamil consciousness in Sri Lanka Indian Union & the Tamil Nation Indus Civilisation The Tamils are an ancient people.
Their history had its beginnings in the rich alluvial plains near the southern extremity of peninsular India which included the land mass known as the island of Sri Lanka today.
It encompassed all the present-day Dravidian nations, including the Tamil, Telugu, Malayali and Kannada tracts within its far-flung borders.." Tamils & the Meaning of History - Dr Hellmann-Rajanayagam, 1996 "..