MIT at the time also recognized the injuries caused by racial harassment and the harassment of women of color, which may be both racial and sexual.The President of MIT also stated that harassment (and favoritism) are antithetical to the mission of a university as well as intolerable for individuals.We were referring to it as 'sexual intimidation,' 'sexual coercion,' 'sexual exploitation on the job.' None of those names seemed quite right.
However, there often are a number of effective ways for offended and injured people to overcome the resulting psychological effects, remain in or return to society, regain healthy feelings within personal relationships when they were affected by the outside relationship trauma, regain social approval, and recover the ability to concentrate and be productive in educational, work, etc. This may include stress management and therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, friends and family support, etc. Yount found three dominant strategies developed by a sample of women coal miners to manage sexual harassment on the job: the "lady", the "flirt", and the "tomboy".
Immediate psychological and legal counseling are recommended since self-treatment may not release stress or remove trauma, and simply reporting to authorities may not have the desired effect, may be ignored, or may further injure the victim at its response. The "ladies" were typically the older women workers who tended to disengage from the men, kept their distance, avoided using profanity, avoided engaging in any behavior that might be interpreted as suggestive.
Somebody came up with 'harassment.' 'Sexual harassment! That's what it was." These activists, Lin Farley, Susan Meyer, and Karen Sauvigne went on to form Working Women's Institute which, along with the Alliance Against Sexual Coercion, founded in 1976 by Freada Klein, Lynn Wehrli, and Elizabeth Cohn-Stuntz, were among the pioneer organizations to bring sexual harassment to public attention in the late 1970s.
Still the term was largely unknown until the early 1990s when Anita Hill witnessed and testified against Supreme Court of the United States nominee Clarence Thomas.
In most modern legal contexts, sexual harassment is illegal.
As defined by the United States' Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), "It is unlawful to harass a person (an applicant or employee) because of that person's sex." Harassment can include "sexual harassment" or unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature.
One of the difficulties in understanding sexual harassment, is that it involves a range of behaviors.
In most cases (although not in all cases) it is difficult for the victim to describe what they experienced.
Often, but not always, the perpetrator is in a position of power or authority over the victim (due to differences in age, or social, political, educational or employment relationships) or expecting to receive such power or authority in form of promotion.