Localised grooming is a form of sexual exploitation – previously referred to as ‘on street grooming’ in the media - where children have been groomed and sexually exploited by an offender, having initially met in a location outside their home.
This location is usually in public, such as a park, cinema, on the street or at a friend’s house.
The Rotherham sex grooming case saw in November 2010 various convictions of child sexual abusers.
Child groomers might look for opportunities to have time alone with the child, which can be done by offering to babysit; the groomers may also invite the child for sleepovers, for opportunistic bed sharing.
Actions such as online communication have been defended by suspected offenders using the so-called "fantasy defense", in which those accused argue that they were only expressing fantasies and not plans of future behavior. S., case law draws a distinction between those two and some people accused of "grooming" have successfully used this defense.
On 1 January 2010, section 248e was added to the Dutch Criminal Code making (online) grooming of a child under 16 years old illegal.
The maximum punishment is 2 years of imprisonment or a fine of the fourth category.
At a trial in March 2014, the public heard that a 15-year-old female was lured by an 18-year-old male (ostensibly her boyfriend at the time) into the basement of an apartment by means of "a blackmail", whereupon he and six of his friends (aged between 15 and 17) raped her. In its report Protection of Children Against Abuse Through New Technologies, the Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention Committee addressed the emerging issues of violence against children through the use of new technologies (the issue of child pornography on the Internet is already covered by Article 9 Convention) with particular reference to grooming both through the internet and by mobile telephones.
Australian Criminal Code Act 1995 section 474.26 and 474.27 prohibits the use of a "carrier service" to communicate with the intent to procure a person under the age of 16, or expose such a person to any indecent matter for the purposes of grooming.Online grooming of youngsters via chat rooms and webcams is an area COST team officers are encountering more and more.To establish a good relationship with a child and the child's family, child groomers might do several things: They might try to gain the child's or parents' trust by befriending them, with the goal of easy access to the child.Similar groups include Perverted-Justice, Dark Justice and Creep Catcher.Multiple computer programs have been developed to help identify grooming and warn parents.In Costa Rica, since April 2013, the Criminal Code section 167 bis, makes it an offence to seduce a child by electronic means.