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^[2]^ Nevertheless, there are also evangelicals who argue that the higher critical methods study texts of human origin, and that evangelicals, believing that the Bible has origins both human and divine, can appropriately use the higher critical methods.For instance, Osborne writes, [higher critical methods] become enemies of the veracity of Scripture only when imbibed with the radical skepticism of negative criticism. Henry says, "What is objectionable is not the historical-critical method, but rather the alien presuppositions to which neo-protestant scholars subject it." When it is "freed from the arbitrary assumptions of critics," it becomes "highly serviceable as a disciplined investigative approach to past historical events." ^[4]^ As Osborne, and indeed any evangelical proponent of higher criticism, will allow, the higher critical methods are as dangerous when allied to skepticism as they are helpful when allied to reverence; for this reason, it is entirely appropriate to exercise caution in the application of higher critical tools and the reading of higher critics, even while accepting the value of their work.They are supposedly distinguishable by the use of the terms Yahweh and Elohim.

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In later times, higher critical methods were deployed in conjunction with the contemporary philosophical trends to de-historicize Scripture.

This history of applying critical methods in an attempt to pull down Scripture has meant that the value of higher criticial methods has been, and still is, a matter of controversy among evangelicals.

In addition, external resources such as archaeological evidence or non-biblical writings from the same period are utilized.

Literary Criticism is primarily concerned with the Bible's literary forms, structures and themes. This involves identifying the type and use of the various literary genre such as narrative, poetic, apocalyptic, oratorical, wisdom, epistolary, etc.

The word "criticism" is not to be taken in the negative sense of attempting to denigrate the Bible, although this motive is found in its history.

Technically, biblical criticism simply refers to the scholarly approach of studying, evaluating and critically assessing the Bible as literature in order to understand it better.Important names in the development of higher criticism include Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768–1834), Ludwig Feuerbach (1804–1872) and David Friedrich Strauss (1808–1874); the origins of higher criticism are deeply intertwined with rationalism and naturalism.The concepts and methods behind higher criticism were carried from Germany across Europe, finding homes in the United Kingdom and France, among liberal Anglicans and Catholics respectively.It is with great pleasure that I am able to tell you that the matching program was a success.We at CBS are so grateful for all of the donations.One aspect of , Source criticism is particularly concerned with identifying potential sources and precursors of the text we have now.

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