Air-conditioned passenger trains usually have 1st and 2nd class service, while non-airconditioned trains have 2nd and 3rd class.
After numerous years' service on Israel Railways the 30-ton crane, 1893 Belgian 6-wheel coach and one of the EMD G16 diesels are all preserved in the Israel Railway Museum in Haifa.) track.
Most of the rail system is focused on the Nile delta with lines essentially fanning out from Cairo.
The Palestine Railways main line linked Al Qantarah East with Palestine and Lebanon.
It was built in three phases during the First and Second World Wars.
In 1833 Muhammad Ali Pasha considered building a railway between Suez and Cairo to improve transit between Europe and India.
Muhammad Ali had proceeded to buy the rail when the project was abandoned due to pressure by the French who had an interest in building a canal instead.
Train fares in commuter trains and 3rd class passenger trains are kept low as a social service.
There are large volumes of tourist traffic during Eid; this causes problems due to a shortage of rolling stock.
On January 16, 2015 Egyptian National Railways signed a €100 million contract with Alstom to supply signalling equipment for the 240 km Beni Suef-Asyut line and maintain services for five years.