In 2012, this competition was extended to include Argentina, a country whose impressive performances in international games (especially finishing in third place in the 2007 Rugby World Cup) was deemed to merit inclusion in the competition.As a result of the expansion to four teams, the tournament was renamed The Rugby Championship.
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Touring international sides would play Test matches against international opponents, including national, club and county sides in the case of Northern Hemisphere rugby, or provincial/state sides in the case of Southern Hemisphere rugby.
Between 19, all three major Southern Hemisphere rugby countries sent their first touring teams to the Northern Hemisphere: New Zealand in 1905, followed by South Africa in 1906 and Australia in 1908.
All three teams brought new styles of play, fitness levels and tactics, The New Zealand 1905 touring team performed a haka before each match, leading Welsh Rugby Union administrator Tom Williams to suggest that Wales player Teddy Morgan lead the crowd in singing the Welsh National Anthem, Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau, as a response.
After Morgan began singing, the crowd joined in: the first time a national anthem was sung at the start of a sporting event.
World Rugby, previously called the International Rugby Football Board (IRFB) and the International Rugby Board (IRB), has been the governing body for rugby union since 1886, and currently has 101 countries as full members and 18 associate members.
In 1845, the first football laws were written by Rugby School pupils; other significant events in the early development of rugby include the Blackheath Club's decision to leave the Football Association in 1863 and the split between rugby union and rugby league in 1895.Other transnational club competitions include the Pro14 in Europe and South Africa, the European Rugby Champions Cup solely in Europe, and Super Rugby, in the Southern Hemisphere and Japan.Despite the doubtful evidence, the Rugby World Cup trophy is named after Webb Ellis.Rugby football stems from the form of game played at Rugby School, which former pupils then introduced to their university.Old Rugbeian Albert Pell, a student at Cambridge, is credited with having formed the first "football" team.Rugby union was included as an event in the Olympic Games four times during the early 20th century.